Category Archives: Growing fruit trees

Regional types of apple trees

Regional types of apple trees

Regional types of apple trees have evolved some according to the seasonal climate.  United states is a large exporter of quality fruit. Here are some apples that are common to the US markets. In the past, there have been only a couple different kinds of apple trees that you could buy. But now, thanks to the wonders of genetic engineering, if you want to buy an apple tree you are able to choose between many different types of apples and flavors. Here I will outline five different popular types of apples that you can consider for your first apple tree.

Regional types of apple trees
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Regional types of apple trees and Fuji

First introduced in Japan, the Fuji apple has been around since 1962. The Fuji apple has yellow-green skin with red streaks down the side. The inside is delicious and sweet. It is white, firm, crunchy, and very flavorful. It becomes ripe in the middle of September, but tastes the best if it is left to fully mature until October or November. These apples will start growing early and grow in abundance. They are good for pollinating other apples. The Fuji tree can tolerate wet, dry, or poor soil, but the fruit quality will most likely reflect the quality of the soil. The apples always taste the best when they are fresh, and are great for cooking.

Gala apples

Gala apples are a wonderful tasting import from New Zealand. The Gala apple has yellow skin with a slight hint of red, and it is medium sized. The insides are yellow, very juicy, firm, crisp, and smell excellent. When they are fresh they are one of the best tasting apples you can grow. They grow quickly, and the trees bear heavily. They become ripe in late July. They are generally not used for cooking, just because Fuji is a better alternative. The trees can grow in wet, dry, and poor soil as well.

Delicious Brae Burn apples

The delicious Brae Burn apples’ color varies from gold with red streaks to almost completely red. It was first popularized some time in the late 1940’s. It was also originally from New Zealand along with the Fuji, and is now the best selling apple in Germany. The insides are white, crisp, aromatic, firm, and juicy. They are sweet, but also slightly tart. The size varies from medium to large. They were introduced to the United States around 1980, and met with great enthusiasm. They are some of the most popular apples in the world. They generally don’t become brown too quickly after being cut. They become ripe around October or November.

Red delicious apples

As red as its name proclaims, the Red Delicious apple is very tall and large. Their yellow insides are crisp, sweet, juicy, and delicious. They are grown across the country, and are great to put in salads. They are usually recognized by their distinct heart shape. They were first introduced in 1874 in Peru, Iowa. They become ripe in mid to late September. They are usually best when they are fresh off the tree.

Golden delicious apples

Golden Delicious apples have great, juicy flavor. Their insides are firm, white, crisp and sweet. They are great for cooking because even when they are cooked or baked they keep their great taste and shape. The skin is thin and soft. They are great for salads. They range in size from medium to large. They are shaped much like the red delicious apple. The insides are crisp, juicy, sweet, and mild. Many people enjoy them, although they bruise rather easily. They become ripe in late September. They are good for many purposes, and they last a long time if not handled roughly.

Apple cultivation history in Europe and in Nordic Finland

Apples crop is most likely started in different parts of Europe and Asia about 4000-5000 years ago, when people began to worry about the good harvest of wild apple trees in order to win. Seedling  apple trees from seeds spread from continent to continent. During ancient of times apple trees were cultivated in ancient Greece and Italy. There also bred new varieties. Later in the apple-growing spread in Central Europe, particularly through the monastery gardens. Over the centuries, apples still developed well adapted to northern climates varieties.

In Finland the first apple orchard experiments of the 1400s

In Finland, the apple crop has started no earlier than the 1400s and became widespread in mansions and office buildings during 16 century. During the lean hunger years of the 17 century, almost all of the apple trees of Finland died. 1800’s brought a lot of new seedlings from Estonia, Germany and Russia. These trees and their seedlings brought to Finland have adapted to the climate and has a  diverse genetic heritage.

Local apple varieties have been known in Finland for decades. Apples are grown commercially most in the Åland Islands and the mainland in the south-west and in the archipelago, and it is the most important crop of home gardens givers.  Many regions of the world have their own unique story about an apple tree that sprung up in their own fruit orchard and adapted well to that particular region.

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